BEIJING — Greater than two dozen Chinese language mother and father, shouting phrases together with “Justice for the victims,” gathered outdoors a authorities constructing in Beijing on Monday to protest a vaccine scandal that has grow to be one of the crucial seen public well being crises in China lately.

The protest adopted experiences this month that lots of of 1000’s of youngsters throughout China had been injected with defective vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough.

Whereas the youngsters look like unhurt, the episode undermined President Xi Jinping’s imaginative and prescient of a newly resilient China and his vow to remove corruption and abuse within the nation’s meals and drug industries.

The protesters, standing outdoors the places of work of the Nationwide Well being Fee, referred to as for stricter oversight of China’s drug business, in response to interviews with mother and father and pictures posted on social media. Holding a banner exhibiting photographs of youngsters, the demonstrators rejected assurances by Chinese language leaders that the difficulty was beneath management.

“The issue shouldn’t be solved,” He Fangmei, the mom of a 2-year-old lady, stated in a phone interview after the protest. “Our issues haven’t been addressed.”

Another company involved in the scandal, the state-owned Wuhan Institute of Biological Products in central China, is accused of producing more than 400,000 vaccines that did not meet standards.

While regulators forced the Wuhan Institute of Biological Products to pay a fine, many parents express concern that the authorities have not punished the company more severely because of its government ties.

Public health experts say the problems at the two companies could lead to a broader backlash against vaccines in China, where an aggressive immunization effort in recent decades has helped eliminate polio and drastically reduce the spread of other diseases.

The protests on Monday, coupled with an outpouring of anger on social media in recent days, suggested that many parents were having doubts about allowing their children to be injected with vaccines made in China.

Dr. Gauden Galea, the representative of the World Health Organization in China, said the fact that the faulty vaccines had been discovered by investigators for the China Food and Drug Administration showed that the country’s regulatory system was working. But he said the government, which often favors secrecy in investigations, would need to be transparent to restore faith in immunizations.

“They need to ask and answer more questions than the population is asking in order to earn the trust back,” he said.

The protests on Monday were an unusual challenge to the government, which has deployed censors to limit discussion of the vaccine crisis online.

Mr. Xi, China’s most powerful leader in decades, has sought to justify his top-down rule with promises of higher living standards. But analysts say that incidents like the vaccine uproar could damage his credibility.

Merriden Varrall, an expert on China at the Lowy Institute, a research organization in Australia, said that because many Chinese families have only one child, scandals that involve potential harm to children are considered particularly egregious.

“How is this still happening in a China that people are told is really on track for rejuvenation?” she said. “Scandals like this are simply not going to be accepted as par for the course anymore.”

Follow Javier C. Hernández on Twitter: @HernandezJavier.

Iris Zhao and Elsie Chen contributed analysis.

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